Composed: 2003 Duration: 5 mins.
Instrumentation: Sax Soprano & Piano
Exam Grade: AMEB Saxophone Tenor Grade Certificate of Performance,
HSC Saxophone Tenor
ISMN: M-720067-90-2 Catalogue: RM334
Level: D Country: Australia
Performed live by Lachlan Davidson
Sonata for Soprano Saxophone and Piano consists of three movements and is a long sustained chamber work for a duo. While I have termed this 29-minute work a sonata the individual movements of the work do not fit into sonata form in the traditional sense with an exposition, development and recapitulation. Note also that while the work has three movements, I have not followed the traditional fast - slow - fast tempos of the classical sonata, in fact all the movements tend to remain at fairly moderate speeds. The sonata here represents a major contribution in terms
of my compositional output.
In the past, stretching material over a long structure was difficult for me, thus this particular project served to develop my concept of structure. The sonata is therefore one of the longer works I have written. Subjects are stated by one instrument, then answered by the other. The opening of the third movement in particular makes use of the call and response technique. Overall, the work is heavily
influenced by modern jazz styles and modes.
Movement One was originally entered in the Allan Zavod classical/jazz fusion competition in May 2002. While my entry was not successful it was the impetus to writing the other two movements. The piece begins with a Dbmaj#11 chord and enters into a simple swung chord pattern that sets up the basic harmonic content for this movement. At bar 60 an important 12/8 and 2/4 pattern is established and minimalist techniques consisting of addition and subtraction of notes build the structure. It is interesting to note that the combined 12/8 and 2/4 bars equal 16 quavers, which in turn could be notated as two bars of 4/4. Even though the patterns fit into the common 4/4 pattern, it is the groupings that ultimately create the propulsion for this movement.
Milder than the first, Movement Two opens over a G pedal point in its second inversion. The movement is designed to be a ‘sweeter song’ than the first and similarly uses half and whole tone lateral steps as its primary movement between chords. At bar 99 a pattern reminiscent of the first
movement appears, though this pattern in C melodic minor is perhaps a little more ‘optimistic’ sounding than the first movement. Note that throughout the entire sonata there are concepts and ideas that cross all three movements.
Movement Three is much more energetic and is sustained by imitation and rapid movement contrasted with appropriate space. Attempts to explore colour are evident in the use of register transfer techniques and eventually the piece works itself towards a groove loosely based on funk rhythmic patterns beginning at bar 186. As with the other movements the opening statements return to complete the piece.
Performed by Rompduo
Performed by Kenneth Tse
Also available for Alto Saxophone
Antonio Pasculli was born on October 13th, 1842 in Palermo. He began his career as a virtuosic oboist at the age of 14 and by the time he was 18, was professor of oboe and English horn at the Regio Conservatorio di Palermo, a position he held until he became blind in 1913.
He was appointed director of the Corpo Municipale di Musica di Palermo in 1879, but due to his advancing blindness he withdrew from active concert life in 1884 and lived until 1924. Pasculli composed numerous fantasies for oboe and orchestra on themes from the operas of Bellini, Donizetti, Meyerbeer, Rossini and Verdi. His compositions were often considered to be too difficult to be performed and therefore were forgotten by oboists until modern times.
Le Api for oboe and piano was first published in 1905 and was dedicated to the Conservatorio di Musica di Palermo. Although similar to Rimsky-Korsakov’s Flight of the Bumble Bee, Le Api was written first, and is part of the three virtuosic studies Pasculli wrote for the oboe. From a postscript to the third study we learn that these were first performed in the big hall of the Conservatorio di musica in Milan on July 14, 1874.
The long legato ties are performed with circular breathing and there is only one place where the player can take a breath (break between phrases) in the entire piece.